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Simonetta

SIMONETTA

A noble family, originally from Calabria, that played a prominent part in Milanese and papal affairs during the 15th and 16th centuries.

Francesco, humanist and statesman; b. Caccuri, Catanzaro, Italy, 1410; d. Milan, Aug. 30, 1480. He served on the Royal Council of Naples before entering the service of the Sforzas. During the regency of Bona of Savoy, widow of Galeazzo Maria, Duke of Milan, and the minority years of Gian Galeazzo Sforza, Francesco served as minister of state (147679). The accession of Ludovico il Moro, which brought about a new regime, led to Francesco's capture and decapitation.

Giovanni, brother of Francesco, historian and statesman; b. Caccuri, Catanzaro, Italy, c. 1415; d. Rome, 1491. He entered the service of Francesco Sforza, first as his secretary (1444) and later as chancellor of Milan (1453). He wrote a Latin account of Milanese history from 1421 to 1466, which paid tribute to Francesco and which was entitled Commentarii rerum gestarum Francisci Sfortiae . It is generally considered an excellent example of Italian humanistic history. With the accession of Ludovico il Moro (1479), Giovanni was forced to flee into exile, where he died.

Bonifacio, nephew of Francesco and Giovanni, abbot of San Stefano in Corno; b. unknown; d. San Stefano, 1492. He is remembered chiefly for his works on the early Christian persecutions, Christianae persecutiones (Milan 1496).

Giacomo, son of Giovanni, cardinal; b. Milan 1475;d. Rome, Nov. 1, 1539. A lawyer in the Roman Consistory, he served as an auditor of the Rota during the Fifth Lateran Council (151217). Appointed bishop of Pesaro in 1529 by Clement VII, he was raised to the cardinalate by Paul III (1535). He also administered, at different times, the Dioceses of Perugia, Lodi, and Nepi. He was sent as legate a latere, with Cardinals Lorenzo Campeggio and Girolamo Aleandro, to a council, summoned at Vicenza, that was eventually prorogued (1538).

Ludovico, nephew of Giacomo, cardinal; b. Milan, 1500; d. Rome, April 30, 1568. His uncle Giacomo renounced the See of Pesaro in Ludovico's favor in 1537. He was referee of the papal segnatura (1540), and was present at the Council of Trent (154647). He was appointed bursar of the Vatican in 1560. A year later he was named cardinal and papal legate to Trent by Pius IV. At Trent he frequently led the opposition to the theological proposals of Cardinal Girolamo Seripando, president of the Council.

Bibliography: h. jedin, History of the Council of Trent, tr. e. graf, v.12 (St. Louis 195760); Geschichte des Konzils von Trient, 2 v. (Freiburg 194957; v.1 2d ed. 1951). h. jedin, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. m. buchberger, 10 v. (Freiburg 193038) 9:580581; Papal Legate at the Council of Trent: Cardinal Seripando, tr. f. c. eckhoff (St. Louis 1947).

[p. s. mcgarry]

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