Skip to main content

Sarraute (Cherniak), Nathalie

SARRAUTE (Cherniak), NATHALIE

SARRAUTE (Cherniak), NATHALIE (1900–1999), French novelist. Born in Ivanova-Vosnesensk, Russia, into an assimilated Jewish family, Nathalie Sarraute was taken to France at the age of two. She practiced as a lawyer until the Nazi occupation in 1940, when she joined the French underground. Her literary career began rather late. She had studied philology at the universities of Oxford and Berlin, and in 1938 published Tropismes (Eng. tr. 1967), a series of cameos which constituted a criticism of language and a condemnation of subject matter as such in the novel. Her own first novel, however, did not appear until 1944. Entitled Portrait d'un inconnu, it attracted much attention. particularly that of Sartre. Nathalie Sarraute is recognized as one of the initiators of the modern school known as "le nouveau roman," which counted Alain Robbe-Grillet and Michel Butor among its best-known younger members. Her novels Martereau (1953; Eng. 1967), Le Planetarium (1959, 19682), and Les Fruits d'or (1963), do not relate any story or describe any events, and in fact represent the trend of the anti-novel. Their aim is to reveal a reality which is both beneath and beyond the everyday, obvious reality of the traditional and existentialist novel. The author stated her views on the novel in a series of essays, L'Ere du soupçon (1956; The Age of Suspicion, 1967). For a time she abandoned the novel and wrote two radio plays, Le Silence and Le Mensonge (published in one volume, 1967); but in Entre la vie et la mort (1968), using literary circles as a setting, she reverted to her basic form. Later novels included L'Usage de la parole (1980) and Tu ne t'aimes pas (1989). Her autobiography, Enfance, appeared in 1983. Nathalie Sarraute, a liberal leftist, eventually adopted an openly pro-Israel stand and paid a lengthy visit to the country in 1969.

bibliography:

M. Kranakē, Nathalie Sarraute (Fr., 1965), incl. bibl.; J. Jaccard, Nathalie Sarraute (Fr., 1967); R. Micha, Nathalie Sarraute (Fr., 1966). add. bibliography: S. Barbour, Nathalie Sarraute and the Feminist Reader (1993); H. Watson-Williams, The Novels of Nathalie Sarraute (1981); B. Knapp, Nathalie Sarraute (1994); E. O'Beirne, Reading Nathalie Sarraute: Dialogue and Distance (1999).

[Arnold Mandel]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Sarraute (Cherniak), Nathalie." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Oct. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Sarraute (Cherniak), Nathalie." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 22, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/sarraute-cherniak-nathalie

"Sarraute (Cherniak), Nathalie." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved October 22, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/sarraute-cherniak-nathalie

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.