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Odo Rigaldus


Theologian; b. near Paris (date unknown); d. Rouen, July 2, 1275. He joined the Franciscan Order c. 1236, and studied at the University of Paris from 124041 to 1245; in this latter year on the death of John de la Rochelle he succeeded him as regent. Rigaldus commented on the Sentences of Peter Lombard and on at least 15 disputed theological questions. Only Books 1, 2, and 3 of the Commentary are authentic, Bruxelles Bibl. Roy. 1542 and Troyes Bibl. Comm. 1862 being spurious. As a student of theology he had collaborated with Alexander of Hales, John de la Rochelle, and Robert de la Basée on an exposition of the Franciscan Rule, which has become known as the Expositio Regulae Quatuor Magistrorum. His other writings remain substantially unedited.

Upon his election to the See of Rouen he was consecrated by Innocent IV at Lyons, April 26, 1248. He was a favorite of Louis, King of France, and was a collaborator on the Treaty with England in 1258. He worked actively with Bonaventure at the Council of Lyons (1274) for the return of the Greeks. An important document, the Regestrum visitationum, gives an account of his episcopal activity as metropolitan from July 17, 1248, to Dec. 15, 1269. His intellectual stature has become recognized recently as modern theologians rank him among the superior minds of the mid-13th century.

Bibliography: r. mÉnindÈs, "Eudes Rigaud, Frère Mineur," Revue d'histoire Franciscaine 8 (1931) 157178. p. andrieuguitrancourt, L'Archevêque Eudes Rigaud et la vie de l'Église aux XIII e siècle, d'après le Regestrum Visitationum (Paris 1938). f. m. henguinet, "Les Manuscrits et l'influence des écrits théologiques d'Eudes Rigaud, O.F.M.," Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale 11 (Louvain 1939) 324350. k. f. lynch, "The Alleged Fourth Book of Odo Rigaud on the Sentences and Related Documents," Franciscan Studies 9 (St. Bonaventure, N.Y.1949) 87145. s. brown, "Note biographique sur Eudes Rigaud," Le moyenâge 41 (1931) 167194. The Register of Eudes of Rouen, tr. s. brown, ed. j. o'sullivan (New York 1964). c. cheney, Episcopal Visitation (Philadelphia 1983). o. g. darlington, The Travels of Odo Rigaud (Philadelphia 1940). j. bouvy, "Les questions sur la grace dans le Commentaire des Sentences d'Odon Rigaud," Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale 27 (Louvain 1960) 291343; "La necessite de la grace dans le Commentaire des Sentences d'Odon Rigaud," Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale 28 (Louvain 1961) 5996. w. h. principe, "O.R. as a Precursor of St. Bonaventure on the Holy Spirit as 'Effectus Formalis' in the Mutual Love of the Father and Son," Medieval Studies 39 (1977) 498505. l sileo, Teoria della scienza teologica: Quaestio de scientia theologiae di Odo Rigaldi e altri testi inediti (12301250), 2 v. (Studia Antoniana 27; Rome 1984).

[k. f. lynch]

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