Skip to main content

Moroni, Gaetano


Scholar; b. Rome, Oct. 17, 1802; d. Rome, Nov. 3, 1883. When Cardinal Cappellari was made the prefect of the Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith, Moroni, formerly a barber, became his chamberlain and was assigned to transcribe the register of documents in the Congregation's archives. In 1831 Cappellari became Pope gregory xvi and named Moroni his private chamberlain (primo aiutante di Camera ). In this position he was entrusted with many delicate confidential assignments. This gave rise to the unfounded rumor that he was interfering unduly in papal policies. Moroni did, however, share all of the pope's unpopularity, because as a newspaperman of the papal court and Roman Curia, he became the object of much sectarian hatred. Moroni continued to hold the same office under Pope Pius IX, but he did not exercise any important duties. This allowed him to concentrate on his studies in ecclesiastical history. His fame is due to his 103-volume Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica (184061), to which were added (187879) six volumes of indexes. This encyclopedia, on which the chiefly self-educated scholar worked indefatigably for more than half a century, brought together a considerable body of important information that remains today useful for its information concerning Church history; the liturgy; the pontifical court; the ceremonies, traditions, and organization of the Curia; the administration of the States of the Church; sacred art; and the lives of the saints, popes, cardinals, and bishops. Moroni gleaned data from several thousand published sources and from information obtained from scholars and specialists. He was best informed on Roman matters, above all for the period of Pope Gregory XVI. Despite its inaccuracies, repetitions, lack of homogeneity and prolixity, the Dizionario is still frequently consulted. Moroni also wrote many official articles on such topics as papal ceremonies and journeys of the popes. His reputation earned him membership in many Italian and foreign academies and several decorations.

Bibliography: e. croci, "Gaetano Moroni e il suo Dizionario," Gregorio XVI miscellanea commemorativa, 2 v. (Rome 1948) 1:135152. e. carusi, "Nei margini dell'Archivio Moroni," Aevum. Rassegna di scienze storiche linguistiche e filologiche 7 (1933): 5864.

[h. r. marraro]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Moroni, Gaetano." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . 22 Feb. 2019 <>.

"Moroni, Gaetano." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . (February 22, 2019).

"Moroni, Gaetano." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved February 22, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.