Maredsous, Abbey of

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Benedictine abbey in the Diocese of Namur, Belgium, since 1920 part of the Belgian Benedictine Congregation, formerly part of the Congregation of Beuron. Founded in 1872 by monks from beuron, with aid from the Desclée family, it became an abbey in 1878. The buildings are neo-Gothic. Abbots Placidus Wolter, later Archabbot of Beuron, and Hildebrand de Hemptinne (18901909), made primate of the Benedictines by Leo XIII (1893), were followed by Columba Marmion (1909), Célestin Golenvaux (1923), and Godefroid Dayez (1950). The abbey restored the Benedictine Congregation of Brazil (1895) and founded the abbeys of Mont César in Louvain (1899) and Glenstal in Ireland (1927) and the priory of Gihindamuyaga in rwanda (1959). It publishes Revue bénédictine (1884), the accompanying Bulletin d'histoire bénédictine (1897), Bulletin d'ancienne littérature chrétienne latine (1921), Bible et vie chrétienne (1953), and Lumière du Christ (1960). Patristic, liturgical, and monastic studies have been specially cultivated, notably by Germain morin, Ursmer berliÈre, Donatien de Bruyne, Bernard capelle, C. Charlier, Gerard van caloen, h. Duesberg, and Cyril Lambot. The abbey has a college of Greco-Latin humanities (1882) and an art school for gold work, ebony, and ceramics (1900).

Bibliography: l. h. cottineau, Répertoire topobibliographique des abbayes et prieurés, 2 v. (Mâcon 193539) 2:1744. o. l. kapsner, A Benedictine Bibliography: An Author-Subject Union List, 2 v. (2d ed. Collegeville, Minn. 1962): v. 1, author part; v. 2, subject part, 2:228. d. misonne, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. j. hofer and k. rahner, 10 v. (2d, new ed. Freiburg 195765) 7:17. h. de moreau, Dom Hildebrand de Hemptinne (Maredsous 1930).

[d. misonne]