Mareschall, Samuel, Swiss organist, pedagogue, and composer of South Netherlands descent; b. Tournai, May 22?, 1554; d. Basel, Dec. 1640?. He settled in Basel in the winter of 1576–77 and matriculated at the Univ. In 1577 he became organist of the Cathedral and Prof. musices at the Univ., positions he held for his entire life. He also taught music at the Gymnasium and Collegium Alumnorum. Mareschall’s Psalm settings were greatly esteemed in Lutheran liturgical circles. He publ. a double vol. of vocal works as Der gant Psalter von Herrn Ambrosio Lobwasser D. hiebevor auss der Frantzösischen Composition, mit gleicher Melodey und zahl der Syllaben in teutsche Reymen zierlich und lieblich gebract for 4 Voices (Basel, 1606) and Psalmen Davids, Kirchen Gesänge und geistliche Lieder von D. Martin Luther und andern gottsgelehrten Männer gestellet for 4 Voices (Basel, 1606). His other publ. works included (12) Melodiae suaves et concinnae psalmorum for 4 Voices ...adjectae sunt in calce hujus libelli brevissima Musices rudimenta (Basel, 1622) and numerous organ variations. He was the author of the teaching manual Porta musices, das ist Eynfühung zu der edlen Kunst Musica, mit einem kurtzen Bericht und Anleitung zu den Violen, auch wie ein jeder Gesang leichtlich anzurstim-men seye (Basel, 1589).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
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