Queen of Scots. Born Sept 29 (some sources cite Oct 5), 1240, in Windsor, Berkshire, England; died at Cupar Castle, Fife, Scotland, Feb 26, 1275; buried at Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland; eldest dau. of Henry III (1206–1272), king of England (r. 1216–1272), and Eleanor of Provence (c. 1222–1291); sister of Edward I Longshanks (1239–1307), king of England (r. 1272–1307); Beatrice (1242–1275), duchess of Brittany; Edmund Crouchback (c. 1245–1296), earl of Lancaster; and Katherine Plantagenet (1253–1257); m. Alexander III (1241–1286), king of Scotland (r. 1249–1286), Dec 26, 1251; children: Margaret of Norway (1261–1283, who m. Eric II Magnusson, king of Norway); Alexander (1264–1284); David (1273–1281).
At 11, married 10-year-old Alexander III, future king of Scotland; was confined to Edinburgh castle by his guardians and only released by the intercession of her parents.
See also Women in World History.