Skip to main content

Marduk-nasir-apli

Marduk-nasir-apli

Circa 550-543 - Circa 487 b.c.e.

Abylonian Financier

Sources

Babylonian Entrepreneursg. The Egibi were a financial family active in Babylon from the late sixth century through the fifth century b.c.e. Five generations are mentioned in surviving tablets from the family’s financial archives, which document their rise from commodities traders in the first two generations to leading landholders and speculators in many different economic ventures.

The Fourth Generation. Born sometime between 550 and 543 b.c.e., Marduk-nasir-apli, nicknamed Shirku, was eldest son of the fourth generation. After his father died in 522 b.c.e., he inherited leadership of the family business and ran it until 487 b.c.e.—or roughly during the reign of Persian king Darius I (521-486 b.c.e.). Under his leadership, family business activities became increasingly involved with the institutions of Babylon, the temples and the palace, and their officials. The Egibi family archives, especially the texts from the time of Marduk-nasir-apli, include examples of the wide variety of financial entrepreneurship that was indispensable to the Mesopotamian economy.

Sources

Kathleen Abrams, Business and Politics under the Persian Empire: The Financial Dealings of Marduk-nasir-apli of the House of Egibi (Bethesda, Md.: CDL Press, 2004).

Cornelia Wunsch, “The Egibi Family’s Real Estate in Babylon (6th Century BC),” in Urbanization and Land Ownership in the Ancient Near East, edited by Michael Hudson and Baruch Levine (Cambridge, Mass.: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, 1999), pp. 391–419.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Marduk-nasir-apli." World Eras. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Marduk-nasir-apli." World Eras. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 20, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/marduk-nasir-apli

"Marduk-nasir-apli." World Eras. . Retrieved November 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/marduk-nasir-apli

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.