Loewenstein-Strashunsky, Joel David
LOEWENSTEIN-STRASHUNSKY, JOEL DAVID
LOEWENSTEIN-STRASHUNSKY, JOEL DAVID (1816–1850), ḥazzan. Born in Lemberg, he was the son of the ḥazzan of Vilna, Ẓevi Hirsch Loewenstein. At an early age, he became known for his fine voice and his mastery of the violin. After the death of his father in 1830, the 15-year-old lad succeeded him as ḥazzan and became known as "Der Vilner Balabesl" (the Little Householder of Vilna). After 1839 he began studying with the composer Moniuszko. In 1842, Loewenstein was invited to Warsaw where he gave recitals accompanied by a chorus and orchestra, which deeply impressed his audience comprised of the town's aristocratic and wealthy classes. The passage from the narrow ghetto world to a cosmopolitan atmosphere produced a mental shock on Loewenstein. Legend attributes it to a tragic infatuation with a Polish woman singer. He went into "voluntary exile" and for several years wandered through the communities of Central Europe, appearing in synagogues only on rare occasions. His life became the subject of legends and literary works including Mark Orenstein's Der Vilner Balabesl (Yid., 1908), and J.J. Wohl's La-Menaẓẓe'aḥ bi-Neginot (in Aḥi'asaf, 7 (1899), 177–97). Several of his prayer melodies have been preserved; Ve-Havi'enu le-Shalom, for example, was published by A. Nadel in Ost und West (5 (1905), 103–6).
Sendrey, Music, 3533, 5678–84; Idelsohn, Music, 299–302; Ḥ.N. Steinschneider, in: Talpiyyot (1895), pt. 12, 8–13; E.B., in: Ost und West, 5 (1905), 102–8; Y. Appel, Be-Tokh Reshit ha-Teḥiyyah (1936), 565–77; M.S. Geshuri, in: Ba-Mishor, 1 (1940).
"Loewenstein-Strashunsky, Joel David." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 12, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/loewenstein-strashunsky-joel-david
"Loewenstein-Strashunsky, Joel David." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved November 12, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/loewenstein-strashunsky-joel-david
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.