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LOEW-BEER , family of textile manufacturers in *Brno (Bruenn), Czechoslovakia. Three cousins, who originated from *Boskovice, began their career in the *textile industry as wool buyers for the Brno textile factories. In the 1840s various members of the family opened independent spinning-mills. One firm, founded by aaron and jacob (d. 1866) in 1853, employed 1,200 workers. Another firm was set up by moses and later directed by max loew-beer (1829–1887), who also established sugar refineries. The firm founded by samuel (d. 1884) was later directed by ignaz loew-beer. Other members of the family founded textile firms at the end of the 19th century. The whole family was active in Jewish and public life. A soup kitchen founded by jonas loew-beer for World War i refugees was taken over by the community in 1924. The various firms remained in existence until the German occupation in 1939.


H. Heller, Maehrens Maenner der Gegenwart, 4 (1890), 102–3; Jews of Czechoslovakia, 1 (1968), 413.

[Meir Lamed]