Skip to main content

Lilienfeld, Abbey of

LILIENFELD, ABBEY OF

Cistercian abbey in the Diocese of St. Pölten, Lower Austria; founded (1202) by Duke Leopold VI, who is buried there, and settled (1206) from heiligenkreuz. It flourished in the 14th century, declined during the Reformation, and was revived by German-born abbots and monks educated at the Germanicum in Rome (Ignaz Kraft 162238 and Cornelius Strauch 163850); but there were tensions between German and Austrian monks. Abbot Matthäus Kolweiss (165095), an Austrian,

founded St. Joseph Archconfraternity (1653) and regained zirc for the Cistercians. Lilienfeld, which successfully resisted the Turks (1683), was suppressed briefly (178990) and badly damaged by fire (1810) and war (1945). The large early Gothic church (1230), with baroque furnishings (173045), and the 13th-century cloister are of interest. The library, whose main hall was built c. 1700, has 34,000 volumes, 119 incunabula, and 226 MSS. The monk Christianus (d. before 1332) was a liturgical poet; Abbot Ulrich (134551) compiled the Concordantia caritatis; Chrysostomus hanthaler (171754) compiled the Fasti Campililienses; Abbot Ladislaus Pyrker (181218), later patriarch of Venice, was a poet. The 100 monks of 1330 declined to 43 in 1964. The abbey serves 19 parishes.

Bibliography: n. mussbacher, "Das Stift Lilienfeld," Heimatkunde Lilienfeld, v. 1, 2 (Vienna-Lilienfeld 196063). l. h. cottineau, Répertoire topobibliographique des abbayes et prieurés, 2 v. (Mâcon 193539) 1:1614. f. loidl, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. j. hofer and k. rahner, 10 v. (2d, new ed. Freiburg 195765) 6:1054.

[n. mussbacher]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Lilienfeld, Abbey of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Lilienfeld, Abbey of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 15, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lilienfeld-abbey

"Lilienfeld, Abbey of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved November 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lilienfeld-abbey

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.