LAPSEKI (Lampsakos ; Turk. Lapseki ), district of *Çanakkale on the Dardanelles opposite Gallipoli. The district remained under Byzantine rule for centuries, and then passed into Ottoman hands. The Jewish population of Çanakkale was represented by a small settlement in Lapseki in the late 19th century. In 1888, there were 36 Jews in six houses, with no religious organization and attached to Çanakkale. The Jews specialized in producing wine, called vino aello lege. As Gallipoli suffered large-scale attacks during World War i, Jews there took refuge in Lapseki, causing a temporary increase in its Jewish population. Nevertheless, it diminished after the proclamation of the Republic in 1923 to just seven Jewish women, according to the census of 1927.
Karasi Vilayet Salnamesi (H.1305), 148; V. Cuinet, La Turquie d'Asie, 3 (1894), 696, 758–62; A. Galanté, Histoire des Juifs d'Anatolie, 4 (1987), 223–24; Bradshaw's Handbook to the Turkish Empire (1887), 138.
[M. Mustafa Kulu (2nd ed.)]