KLEINMANN, MOSHE (1870–1948), Hebrew and Yiddish author and editor. Born in Holptchinitz, Podolia, Kleinmann was an active Zionist from a young age, and at the end of the 1890s he published his own and other writers' popular pamphlets in Yiddish on Jewish history, the Jewish people, and Zionism. He began his career in journalism in Ha-Shilo'aḥ in 1896 with criticisms of *Aḥad Ha-Am's ideology. After the February Revolution in 1917 in Russia, he was one of the editors of the short-lived Hebrew daily Ha-Am. In 1921 he settled in Berlin, and became a member of the editorial board of the central organ of the Zionist organization, *Ha-Olam, and from 1923 until his last days he was its editor in chief. Along with the paper, he moved to London in 1924 and then to Jerusalem in 1936. A selection of his journalism was gathered in three books: Be-Hitorer Am (1943), Le'om ba-Nekhar (1944), and Bein Lehavot (1944). Other of his works are Demuyyot ve-Komot (essays on Hebrew literature, 1928), monographs on Theodor Herzl (1944), on Chaim Weizmann (1945), on Ḥibbat Zion (1940), and the General Zionists (1945). He edited a Hebrew Zionist Encyclopedia (Enḥiklopedyah le-Ẓiyyonut), but succeeded in publishing only one volume before his death (1947).
Rejzen, Leksikon, 3 (1929), 682–6; Kressel, Leksikon, 2 (1967), 767.