John VII, Pope

views updated


Pontifcate: Mar. 1, 705 to Oct. 18, 707; d. Rome. John was of Greek ancestry, the son of that Plato whose epitaph records his restoration of the imperial palaces at Rome. John's own building activity at St. Peter's, St. Eugenia's, and S. Maria Antiqua is noted by the Liber pontificalis. During his reign King Aribert II (701712) of the Lombards restored to the Roman Church its patrimony in the Cottian Alps. Emperor justinian ii, probably in 706, dispatched two bishops from Constantinople to request a Roman synod that would indicate which of the 102 canons decreed by the quinisext synod in 692 were objectionable to the Holy See. Pope sergius i (687701) had earlier rejected all of them, but John returned the canons without emendation. His contemporary biographer censured him for this; but the papal action may well have been an indication that the question was no longer open. Two contemporary likenesses of John are extant: one in mosaic, in the Grotto of St. Peter's, Rome; the other in a painting in S. Maria Antiqua, Rome.

Bibliography: Liber pontificalis, ed. l. duchesne (Paris 188692) 1:385387; 3:9899. p. jaffÉ, Regesta pontificum romanorum ab condita ecclesia ad annum post Christum natum 1198, ed. p. ewald (2d ed. Leipzig 188188; repr. Graz 1958) l: 246247. c. j. von hefele, Histoire des conciles d'après les documents originaux, tr. h. leclerc (Paris 190738) 3.1:578581. h. k. mann, The Lives of the Popes in the Early Middle Ages from 590 to 1304 (London 190232) 1.2:109123. e. caspar, Geschichte de Papsttums von den Anfängen bis zur Höhe der Weltherrschaft (Tübingen 193033) 2:630637. j. haller, Das Papsttum (2d ed. Stuttgart 195053) 1:343344. f. x. seppelt, Geschichte der Päpste von den Anfängen bis zur Mitte des 20. Jh. (Munich 1955) 2:8595. g. schwaiger, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. j. hofer and k. rahner (Freiburg 195765) 5:987988. r. aubert, Dictionnaire d'histoire et de gèographie ecclésiastiques, 26 (Paris 1997). a. guillou, "Nom du pape Jean VII (705708), commanditaire d'un ambon à SainteMarieAntique, " Recueil des inscriptions grecques médiévales d'Italia (Rome 1996) 1234. v. noe, "L'oratorio mariano di Giovanni VII, " La Madonna della Basilica Vaticana (1994) 2124. p.j. nordhagen, "Icons Designed for the Display of Sumptuous Votive Gifts, " Dumbarton Oaks Papers (Washington, DC 1987) 45360. j. osborne, "Early Medieval Wall Paintings in the Catacomb of San Valentino, " Papers of the British School at Rome (London 1981) 8290. i. Ŝev[symbol omitted]enko, "Three Paradoxes of the CyrilloMethodian Mission, " Ideology, Letters and Culture in the Byzantine World (London 1982) n.4. j.n. d. kelly, Oxford Dictionary of Popes (New York 1986) 8485.

[h. g. j. beck]

About this article

John VII, Pope

Updated About content Print Article