Iona (Hy), Abbey of
IONA (HY), ABBEY OF
Former monastery on the island of Iona, part of the Inner Hebrides, Argyllshire, Scotland (Latin, Insula Iova, of which Iona is a misreading). This Celtic island monastery, which was founded in 563 by columba of iona and was ruled by priest-abbots, was the most distinguished center of Irish religious life up to the end of the 7th century. Its phenomenal growth was attributable in part to the fact that Columba and his successors (usually his kinsmen) were closely related to Irish kings. Iona was regarded as the head of the Irish Church and of the Christian Scots in North Britain. From it the Picts received the faith and Columba's successors converted the English of Northumbria (c. 637) in less than half a century. Controversy about the acceptance of Roman customs after the decision of Whitby in 664 split its monks and precipitated its decline. However, until the Scandinavian raids of the 9th century (see normans), Iona remained the primatial church in the paruchia (which consisted of at least 42 churches in Ireland and 57 in Scotland). Then the primacy passed to abbots in Ireland, usually to kells. Iona had a brief period of resurgence c. 844, when Kenneth mac Alpin succeeded to the Pictish throne. There were culdees at Iona in the 12th century, and it remained Celtic to c. 1204, when the benedictines took over. Iona was dissolved and dismantled during the Reformation in Scotland.
Bibliography: Adamnan's Life of Columba, ed. and tr. a. o. and m. o. anderson (New York 1962). a. o. anderson, ed. and tr., Early Sources of Scottish History, A.D. 500–1286, 2 v. (Edinburgh 1922) 1:17–71. w. reeves, ed., The Life of St. Columba … by Adamnan (Dublin 1857). a. bellesheim, History of the Catholic Church of Scotland, tr. d. o. hunter-blair, 4 v. (Edinburgh 1887–90) 1:55–148. r. a. s. macalister, "An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments … of Iona," in Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 48 (1913–14) 421–430. h. leclercq, Dictionnaire d'archéologie chrétienne et de liturgie, ed. f. cabrol, h. leclercq, and h. i. marrou, 15 v. (Paris 1907–53) 7.2:1425–61. j. f. kenney, The Sources for the Early History of Ireland: v.1, Ecclesiastical (New York 1929) 1:422–448, 629–630. a. k. porter, The Crosses and Culture of Ireland (New Haven 1931) 38–62. w. bonser, An Anglo-Saxon and Celtic Bibliography, 450–1087, 2 v. (Berkeley 1957). f. l. cross, The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (London 1957) 699–700. d. e. easson, Medieval Religious Houses: Scotland (London 1957).
"Iona (Hy), Abbey of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 12, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/iona-hy-abbey
"Iona (Hy), Abbey of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved December 12, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/iona-hy-abbey
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.