HALPERN, MOYSHE-LEYB (1886–1932), Yiddish poet. Born in Galicia, Halpern emigrated to the United States in 1908, after participating in the Czernowitz Yiddish Language Conference, and lived mainly in New York. He associated with Di Yunge, but his style was at odds with their aestheticism. Early influenced by German literature, especially Heine and Expressionism, his first collection of poems, In Nyu York ("In New York," 1919) brought him recognition as a major Yiddish poet, followed by Di Goldene Pave ("The Golden Peacock," 1924). Two volumes entitled Moyshe-Leyb Halpern were published posthumously in 1934. Halpern was a rebel who, refusing to compromise his art, lived in poverty, earning some money by writing for satirical and left-wing Yiddish journals. In his poetry, Halpern invented a series of personae through which he expresses the conflicting ideas inherent in his work: social engagement and political skepticism, nostalgia for his heritage and brutal rejection of it, a tormented relationship to America, lyricism juxtaposed with self-mockery and disturbing language and imagery. His writing expresses his rejection of social injustice, his sympathy for the underprivileged, and his horror of war.
Reyzen, Leksikon, 1 (1926), 769–72; Z. Weinper, Moyshe-Leyb Halpern (1940); E. Greenberg, Moyshe Leyb Halpern (1942); lnyl, 3 (1960), 31–38. add. bibliography: R. Wisse, A Little Love in Big Manhattan (1988); C. Kronfeld, On the Margins of Modernism (1996); J. Cammy, in: S. Kerbel (ed.), Jewish Writers of the Twentieth Century (2003), 218–20.
[Sol Liptzin and
Shlomo Bickel /
Heather Valencia (2nd ed.)]
"Halpern, Moyshe-Leyb." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 11, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/halpern-moyshe-leyb
"Halpern, Moyshe-Leyb." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved December 11, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/halpern-moyshe-leyb
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.