Skip to main content

Halper, Albert


HALPER, ALBERT (1904–1984), U.S. novelist. His first novel, Union Square (1933), on a radical theme, was an immediate success. His experiences in a mail order house in his native Chicago and in the Chicago central post office found expression in his novels The Chute (1937), The Little People (1942), and The Golden Watch (1953), a story of a West Side Chicago Jewish family. The Chute showed Halper in retreat from the Jewishness of his immigrant parents, presenting a wholly negative picture of American Jewish life. In Sons of the Fathers (1940), however, he portrayed Jewish customs and ceremonies with objectivity and even sympathy. Atlantic Avenue (1956) is a story of violence in New York City. He recounted his struggle as a writer in Good-bye, Union Square, A Writer's Memoir of the Thirties (1970).


F. Champney, in: Antioch Review, 2 (1942), 628–34; S. Liptzin, Jew in American Literature (1966), 183–6. add. bibliography: J. Hart, Albert Halper (1980).

[Sol Liptzin]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Halper, Albert." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 18 Mar. 2019 <>.

"Halper, Albert." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (March 18, 2019).

"Halper, Albert." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved March 18, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.