FEDER, TOBIAS (pseudonym of Tobias Gutman ; c. 1760–1817), Haskalah writer, poet, and grammarian, born in Przedborz, near Cracow. Supporting himself by teaching, proofreading, and commerce, he wandered through Galicia, Poland, and Russia. In Galicia he associated himself with the leading Haskalah writers, differing from them in his sharp polemic style directed against all those whose views on science and literature differed from his own. He was a versatile writer and wrote plays, satires, and studies in linguistics and grammar, seeking to synthesize Haskalah and tradition. However, the major part of his work was apparently lost and only a small fraction ever published, most of it posthumously. His works include: Kol Nehi (Warsaw, 1798), an elegy on *Elijah b. Solomon, the Vilna Gaon – and Shem u-She'erit (first published in Lemberg, 1877), a collection of poems. He also wrote poems in honor of Czar Alexander i's victory over Napoleon, Shir Haẓlaḥat Aleksander be-Ḥaẓoto et Mitkomemav (1814) and Simḥah ve-Sason la-Yehudim (Berdichev, 1814). Several of his smaller works were published in the Hebrew newspaper Ḥavaẓẓelet. His early grammatical work Beit Toviyyah (no longer extant) formed the basis for the introduction to Hebrew grammar in his Mevasser Tov (Mohilev, 1820?), which included a work on the Masorah, Menorat Shelomo of R. Phoebus of Dubrovno, as well as poems and novellae. Feder was also the author of the first anti-Yiddish polemic work in Hebrew Kol Meḥaẓeẓim (Berdichev, 1816; Lemberg, 1853) which was directed against Mendel *Levin's Yiddish translation of the biblical book of Proverbs. Publication of this polemic was, however, withheld, at the request of Levin's friends, until after the death of both men.
Klausner, Sifrut, 1 (19522), 239ff., and see bibliography for Mendel *Levin.
"Feder, Tobias." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 16, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/feder-tobias
"Feder, Tobias." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved October 16, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/feder-tobias
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.