Skip to main content



EN-ROGEL (Heb. עֵין רׁגֵל), a spring or well southeast of Jerusalem on the border between the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, between En-Shemesh and the *Hinnom Valley (Josh. 15:7; 18:16). Jonathan and Ahimaaz, who acted as spies and runners for David when he was fleeing from Absalom, waited there for news from Jerusalem (ii Sam. 17:17). Adonijah's aborted attempt to succeed David as king took place at En-Rogel (i Kings 1:9) and it is probably identical with the "dragon's well" (Ein ha-Tannim) mentioned in Nehemiah 2:13. En-Rogel has been identified with a well, 60 ft. (18 m.) deep, called Bīr (Biʾr) Ayyūb ("Job's Well"; perhaps a corruption of "Joab's well" [Ahituv]), situated at the convergence of the Hinnom and *Kidron valleys, some 500 meters south of the city of David outside the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem. It sometimes overflows in rainy winters, justifying its definition as a spring. Alternatively, the well was dug on the site of the ancient spring that had been stopped up.


Hecker, in: M. Avi-Yonah (ed.), Sefer Yerushalayim, 1 (1956), 199–200; H. Vincent, Jérusalem antique, 1 (1912), 134–8; idem, Jérusalem de l'Ancien Testament, 1 (1954), 284–8; G.A. Smith, Jerusalem, 1 (1907), 108–11; G. Dalman, Jerusalem und sein Gelaende (1930), 163–7; A.S. Marmardji, Textes géographiques arabes sur la Palestine (1951), 14; J. Simons, Jerusalem in the Old Testament (1952), 158–63. add. bibliography: S. Ahituv, Joshua (1995), 246; M. Cogan, iKings (2000), 159.

[Michael Avi-Yonah]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"En-Rogel." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 21 May. 2019 <>.

"En-Rogel." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (May 21, 2019).

"En-Rogel." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved May 21, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.