Skip to main content

Dykman, Shlomo


DYKMAN, SHLOMO (1917–1965), translator and literary critic. Born and educated in Warsaw, he fled to Bukhara during World War ii and taught Hebrew there. In 1944 he was arrested for "counterrevolutionary Zionist activities" and sentenced to 15 years' hard labor in the Vorkuta coal mines in the far north. He was released in 1957 and repatriated to Warsaw. In 1960 he immigrated to Israel. He translated Bialik's collected poems into Polish, and his translations of the Greek and Roman classics into Hebrew include Virgil's Aeneid (1962); Lucretius' On the Nature of the Universe (1962); Ovid's Metamorphoses (1965); Sophocles' Tragedies (1963); and Aeschylus' Tragedies (1965). He was awarded the Israel Prize posthumously in 1965. Autobiographical notes on his years in Vorkuta appeared in Ha-Ummah (1 (1963), 531–46; 2 (1963), 60–67, 230–45, 375–89; 3 (1965), 375–85).


Elḥanani, in: Moznayim, 20 (1964/65), 529–32; Ben-Shamai, ibid., 21 (1965), 415–25.

[Getzel Kressel]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Dykman, Shlomo." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 25 Mar. 2019 <>.

"Dykman, Shlomo." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (March 25, 2019).

"Dykman, Shlomo." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved March 25, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.