DYKMAN, SHLOMO (1917–1965), translator and literary critic. Born and educated in Warsaw, he fled to Bukhara during World War ii and taught Hebrew there. In 1944 he was arrested for "counterrevolutionary Zionist activities" and sentenced to 15 years' hard labor in the Vorkuta coal mines in the far north. He was released in 1957 and repatriated to Warsaw. In 1960 he immigrated to Israel. He translated Bialik's collected poems into Polish, and his translations of the Greek and Roman classics into Hebrew include Virgil's Aeneid (1962); Lucretius' On the Nature of the Universe (1962); Ovid's Metamorphoses (1965); Sophocles' Tragedies (1963); and Aeschylus' Tragedies (1965). He was awarded the Israel Prize posthumously in 1965. Autobiographical notes on his years in Vorkuta appeared in Ha-Ummah (1 (1963), 531–46; 2 (1963), 60–67, 230–45, 375–89; 3 (1965), 375–85).
Elḥanani, in: Moznayim, 20 (1964/65), 529–32; Ben-Shamai, ibid., 21 (1965), 415–25.