Skip to main content

Carmi, T.

CARMI, T.

CARMI, T. (pseudonym of Carmi Charney ; 1925–1994), Hebrew poet. Born in New York, Carmi grew up in a home where Hebrew was the spoken language, and as a child, lived in Ereẓ Israel. After working with refugee children in France (1946–47), he immigrated to Palestine in 1947, fought on the Jerusalem front during the War of Independence, and then served as an officer in the air force. Carmi, one of the editors of the literary journal Massa, was also a member of the repertory committee of *Habimah, and children's book editor for the Am Oved publishing company. Carmi's first book of verse, Mum ve-Ḥalom (1950), composed mostly in a lyrical vein, is characterized by original and concrete imagery, while his idiom is precise and conversational although drawing on all the strata of literary Hebrew. It is unsentimental and marked by its frequent recourse to irony. In Ein Peraḥim Sheḥorim (1953), he describes a French institution for refugee children in a series of dramatic monologues whose speakers are the children and their educators. Sheleg bi-Yrushalayim (19562) includes several social protest poems as well as lyrical verse. Other works, dominated by a strong sensuous tone, are Ha-Yam ha-Aḥaron (1958); Neḥash ha-Neḥoshet (1961; in English, The Brass Serpent, 1967); and Ha-Unikorn Mistakkel ba-Marah (1967). The volume of poems by Carmi, Hitnaẓlut ha-Meḥabber (1974), includes an elegy to Lea *Goldberg. His collected Hebrew poems appeared in 1988.

A selection of poems entitled Shirim: Mivḥar, 1951–1994 was published in 1994; in 1981 the Penguin Book of Hebrew Verse appeared. It was edited and translated by Carmi and covers a wide range of poetry, from biblical poetry through modern Hebrew poets.

One of the editors of The Modern Hebrew Poem Itself (1965), he translated many literary works (mostly drama) into Hebrew. Poems of T. Carmi in English translation are available in S. Mitchell (ed.), T. Carmi, Dan Pagis (1976). The English Collection At the Stone of Losses was published in 1983. For a list of works translated by Carmi into English, see Goell, Bibliography, nos. 1557–81.

add. bibliography:

J. Cohen, Voices of Israel: Essays on and Interviews with Amichai, Yehoshua, T. Carmi, Appelfeld and Oz (1990). website: ithl at www.ithl.org.il.

[Abraham Huss]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Carmi, T.." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. 10 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Carmi, T.." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 10, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/carmi-t

"Carmi, T.." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved December 10, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/carmi-t

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.