Carmi, Isaiah Ḥai ben Joseph

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CARMI, ISAIAH ḤAI BEN JOSEPH (1740–1799), Italian Hebrew poet. Carmi was a disciple of Israel Benjamin Bassani, whom he succeeded as rabbi of Reggio in North Italy. He died there when he was about to accept a call to Trieste. Carmi's pupil Anania (Hananiah Elhanan) Coen in his poetics Ru'aḥ Ḥadashah printed some of his poems. Carmi carried on a scholarly correspondence with the bibliophile Moses Benjamin *Foà and with the Christian Hebraist G.B. *de' Rossi. Isaiah Ḥai Carmi is not to be confused with an earlier poet, Isaiah Nathan Carmi, who lived c. 1591 (Ms. Kaufmann, no. 291).


A. Coen, Saggio di eloquenza ebrea (1827), 59; Ghirondi-Neppi, 104, no. 7; 186, no. 139; Gross, Gal Jud, 262; Guenzburg, in: Recueil Daniel Chwolson (1899), 70ff., 88–118; Davidson, Oẓar, 4 (1933), 425; A.B. Piperno, Kol Ugav (1846), nos. 25 and 26.

[Jefim (Hayyim) Schirmann]