Bosboom-Toussaint, Anna Louisa Geertruida
BOSBOOM-TOUSSAINT, ANNA LOUISA GEERTRUIDA
Dutch novelist; b. Alkmaar, Dec. 16, 1812; d.'s Gravenhage, April 13, 1886. Bosboom-Toussaint is the bestknown Dutch author of historical novels in the tradition of Walter Scott, but she did not have the passion that gave Scott his impulse to tell stories in relation to a historic past. Her passion was to recapture religious experiences, especially in times of great spiritual and social upheaval, such as the rise of the Reformation in the Netherlands.
In Bosboom-Toussaint's novels, historical facts, diligently researched and often given in too much detail, serve only as the background for emotional involvement. The attractiveness of the dominant characters in her best novels is striking, such as Paul in Het Huis Lauernesse (1840, The House of Lauernesse), Gideon Florensz in the Leycester Cycle (1846–56), and Jan Jacobsz in De Delftsche wonderdokter (1870, The Wonder-doctor of Delft). They are well-balanced people who, passionately devoted to the new religious ideas, stimulate others to emulate their high religious ideals. These ideals are the author's own and based on an evangelical belief in the Bible.
Bosboom-Toussaint was prejudiced against Catholicism, as represented by Capuchins, Dominicans, and Jesuits in her novels, but dealt with Catholics sincerely and honestly in daily life. Her novels are frequently ambiguous because she tried to combine the techniques of the picaresque novel with those of the novel of character. Her peculiar talent, and her greatest achievement, lies in the second field, wherein she exhibits deep psychological insight. This develops in her later novels and reaches a peak in the best, Major Francis (1874), a psychological study of an unconventional young woman who is molded into a fine character by love.
Bibliography: a. l. g. bosboom-toussaint, Romantische Werken, 25 v. (The Hague 1885–88). g. knuvelder, Handboek tot de geschiedenis der Nederlandse letterkunde van der aanvang tot heden, 4 v. (Hertogenbosch 1948–53). j. m. c. bouvy, Idee en werkwijze van Mevrouw Bosboom-Toussaint (Rotterdam 1935).
"Bosboom-Toussaint, Anna Louisa Geertruida." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 25, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bosboom-toussaint-anna-louisa-geertruida
"Bosboom-Toussaint, Anna Louisa Geertruida." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved March 25, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bosboom-toussaint-anna-louisa-geertruida
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.