BAER, GABRIEL (1919–1982), historian. Born in Germany, Baer immigrated to Ereẓ Israel in 1933. His special field was the social history of the Middle East, particularly of Egypt, in modern times. A professor of Oriental Studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, he was awarded the Israel Prize in 1976. His books include A History of Landownership in Modern Egypt 1800–1950 (1962), Egyptian Guilds in Modern Times (1964), Population and Society in the Arab East (1964), Studies in the Social History of Modern Egypt (1969), and Fellah and Townsman in the Middle East: Studies in Social History (1982). Baer was also editor of two Middle Eastern quarterlies published in Jerusalem: Hamizrah Hehadash and Asian and African Studies.
A list of Baer's published works appeared in Asian and African Studies, 17 (1983), 315–21. Obituaries: G.G. Gilbar, in: IJMES, 15, no. 1 (1983), 129–30; J.M. Landau, in: Der Islam, 41, no. 1 (1984), 8–9.
[Jacob M. Landau (2nd ed.)]
"Baer, Gabriel." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 20, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/baer-gabriel
"Baer, Gabriel." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved March 20, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/baer-gabriel
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.