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Āryaśūra was a fourth-century c.e. Sanskrit poet. His famous work, the JĀtakamĀlĀ (Garland of Jātakas), contains thirty-four stories about the noble deeds of the Buddha in previous incarnations, exemplifying in particular the PĀramitĀ (perfection) of generosity, morality, and patience. Written in prose interspersed with verse, it is one of the Buddhist masterpieces of classical Sanskrit literature.

See also:Jātaka; Sanskrit, Buddhist Literature in


Khoroche, Peter, trans. Once the Buddha Was a Monkey: Ārya śūra's Jātakamālā. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989.

Peter Khoroche