Aiguani, Michele (Anguani, Angriani)

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Theologian; b. Bologna, c. 1320; d. Bologna, Nov. 16, 1400. He is commonly known as Michael of Bologna. After joining the Carmelite Order, he studied Scripture (1360) and theology (136263) at Paris, where in 136465 he obtained his master's degree. For years he taught theology at Bologna. He was elected definitor (1372) and provincial (1375 and 1379) of his own province of Bologna. In 1380, when the western schism had divided also the Carmelite Order, Aiguani was nominated vicar-general of the whole order by Urban VI (d. 1389). In 1381 Aiguani was elected prior general, an office he retained until 1386 when Urban deposed him, probably because he was unjustly accused of opposition to the pope. However, he was vindicated by Boniface IX (d. 1404), who in 1395 nominated him again as vicar-general for the province of Bologna. Aiguani held a philosophical position between voluntarism and seminominalism. He long remained one of the main theologians of his order; this explains why so many manuscripts of his works are extant and why his principal works have been reprinted so often. His chief works were: Lectura Sententiarum (Milan 1510), Lectura super Psalterio (Compluti 1524).

Bibliography: b. m. xiberta y roqueta, De Scriptoribus scholasticis saec. XIV ex Ordine Carmelitarum (Louvain 1931) 32493.

[h. spikker]