Masjid al-Aqsa, al-

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Masjid al-Aqsa, al- (‘the furthest mosque’). The Muslim mosque built in the 7th cent. CE, on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem (al-Quds). It is the mosque associated with the Night Journey (isrāʾ) and the Ascent (miʿrāj) of Muḥammad, based on Qurʾān 17. 1. It is a building distinct from the Dome of the Rock.