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Miʿrāj (Arab., ‘ascend’). The ascension of Muḥammad to heaven on a night journey, which becomes connected to the night journey to Jerusalem (see ISRA'), so that the ascension takes place, not from Mecca (as perhaps in some early ḥadīth), but from Jerusalem. Muḥammad travelled on Burāq, and, accompanied by angels, visited the seven heavens, finding paradise in the seventh. Before the throne of Allāh, he conversed with God about ṣalāt. Despite some discussion about whether these events were in a dream, or in a spiritual experience (and Sūfīs often take them as symbols of the soul's ascent to God), Muslims in general regard them as matters of fact.

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