Skip to main content

Kou Chien-chih

K'ou Chien-chih (c.365–c.448 CE). Taoist successor of Ko Hung who did much to organize that tradition in Taoism and to make it the official religion of the Northern Way dynasty. He became celestial master (t'ien-shih) of the northern Wei court from 425–8. He introduced extravagant Taoist ritual to affirm the emperor as Perfect Ruler; but he was murdered by a palace eunuch, and his successor re-established Buddhism as the state religion.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Kou Chien-chih." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Oct. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Kou Chien-chih." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 15, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/kou-chien-chih

"Kou Chien-chih." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved October 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/kou-chien-chih

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.