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Ḥasan al-Bannā’ (1906–49). The founder and leader of al-Ikhwān al-Muslimūn in Egypt. Ḥasan al-Bannā’ studied at al-Azhar and qualified as a teacher. In 1928, he founded the al-Ikhwān at Ismaʿiliyya. He attracted wide support for the Ikhwān among all classes. He believed that the sickness of Egyptian Islamic society could be cured ‘only by a return to the regenerative springs of the Qur’ān and the Ḥadīth’. Increasing tension between him and the government culminated in his assassination in 1949.