ʿAṭṭār, Farīd al-Dīn

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ʿAṭṭār, Farīd al-Dīn (d. c.1229 (AH 627)). Persian mystic (Sūfī) and poet. He is particularly remembered for Mantiq al-Ṭāʾir (The Language of the Birds). ʿAṭṭār composed an allegory of the spiritual journey, with all the birds following the Hudhud (Hoopoe) bird. In the end they come to an indivisible union with the King. But he wrote many other, often epic, poems, e.g. Muṣībatnāmah (Book of Affliction), Ilāhīnāmah (Divine Book).