Amar Dās, Gurū
As Gurū, Amar Dās was responsible for establishing practices distinctively Sikh yet reminiscent of Hindu custom: (i) he instructed Sikhs to gather to worship the one God on the first days of the Hindu months, Vaiśākhi (April-May), Māgha (Jan.-Feb.) and on Dīvālī; (ii) he had a deep well dug at Goindvāl as a Sikh tīrath; (iii) he provided distinctive rituals for birth and death, replacing the Sanskrit śaloks with hymns of the Gurūs; (iv) also ascribed to Gurū Amar Dās is the Mohan Pothī, a two-volume collection of hymns (composed by himself, his two predecessors, and six bhagats, Kabīr, N̄amdev, Trilochan, Seiṇ, Ravidās, and Jaidev), which served as a nucleus for Gurū Arjan Dev's compilation of the Ādi Granth; (v) Gurū Amar Dās emphasized the importance of the Gurū-kā-laṅgar in the motto ‘pahale paṅgat picche saṅgat’, i.e. ‘First sit in a laṅgar row, then sit in the congregation.’ This denial of caste distinction antagonized the brahmans.
Aged 95, Amar Dās died at Goindvāl.
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