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Roland Holst, Henriëtte (van der Schalk)

Henriëtte (van der Schalk) Roland Holst (hĕnrēĕt´ə vän dĕr skhälk rō´länt hôlst), 1869–1952, Dutch writer. Her early Sonnets and Poems Written in Terza Rima (1895) won praise for outstanding lyric quality. Roland Holst became an active socialist and communist and wrote vigorous biographies of Rousseau (1912), Garibaldi (1920), Leo Tolstoy (1930), and Gandhi (1947) from a leftist viewpoint as well as studies of class war and capitalism. The Bolshevik victory (1917) in Russia inspired her Submerged Bounds (1918) though she later became disillusioned with Communism.

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