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Osawatomie (ō´səwŏt´əmē, ŏs´ə–), city (1990 pop. 4,590), Miami co., E Kans., on the Marais des Cygnes River; founded 1855 by the New England Emigrant Aid Company, inc. 1883. The town, once a station on the Underground Railroad, has a memorial park that contains the cabin where John Brown lived in 1856.