Richard Krautheimer (krout´hīmər), 1897–94, American art historian, b. Germany. In 1935, Krautheimer began teaching in American universities, becoming professor of fine arts at New York Univ. in 1952. He was an authority on Christian and Byzantine architecture, compiler of The Early Christian Basilicas of Rome (1937) and author of Early Christian and Byzantine Architecture (1965). His biography of Lorenzo Ghiberti (1956) and his Studies in Early Christian, Medieval, and Renaissance Art (1969) were widely acclaimed.