Jongkind, Johann Barthold
Johann Barthold Jongkind (yōhän´ bär´tôlt yông´kĬnt), 1819–91, Dutch landscape painter and etcher. He studied in Paris with Isabey. Jongkind's work was a transition between the Barbizon school and the impressionists, and he notably influenced the latter group. He painted chiefly in France, though many of his scenes are Dutch. He was a fine watercolorist and one of the foremost etchers of the 19th cent. In these media he achieved a fresh rendering of atmospheric effects, especially in his marine scenes. Jongkind is represented in the Rijksmuseum and in the Louvre.
"Jongkind, Johann Barthold." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 19, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/jongkind-johann-barthold
"Jongkind, Johann Barthold." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved March 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/jongkind-johann-barthold