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Barbizon school French school of landscape painting in the 19th century. Led by Théodore Rousseau in the late 1840s, the group worked near Barbizon, n France. Artists included Charles Daubigny, Diaz de la Peña, Jules Dupré, and Constant Troyon. They embraced a longing for the freedom of nature, escaping the restraints of Parisian art. Inspired by Constable and 17th-century Dutch landscapists, they were forerunners of impressionism.