Skip to main content


Fayetteville (fā´ĕtvĬl). 1 City (1990 pop. 42,099), seat of Washington co., NW Ark., in the Ozarks; inc. 1836. It is an agricultural trade center with canneries and food processors. The Univ. of Arkansas main campus is here and its agricultural experiment station nearby; some technological industries have grown around the university. During the Civil War, the city was occupied by Union forces (1863–65); the battles of Pea Ridge and Prairie Grove were fought nearby. 2 City (1990 pop. 75,695), seat of Cumberland co., S central N.C., at the head of navigation on the Cape Fear River; inc. 1783. An inland port, connected by channel to the Intracoastal Waterway, Fayetteville is a marketing and shipping center in a farm and timbering area. It has textile, wood products, and chemical industries. Settled as two towns (1739) by Highland Scots, it was a Tory center during the American Revolution. The two towns were merged during the war, and in 1783 were renamed for the Marquis de Lafayette. Fayetteville was state capital from 1789—93; a state convention (1789) here ratified the U.S. Constitution. During the Civil War, Sherman occupied the city and razed its arsenal (1865). The city is the seat of Fayetteville State Univ. and Methodist College. Nearby Fort Bragg and Pope Air Force Base now dominate its economy.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Fayetteville." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . 13 Dec. 2018 <>.

"Fayetteville." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . (December 13, 2018).

"Fayetteville." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved December 13, 2018 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.