Fazenda, Fazendeiro

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Fazenda, Fazendeiro

Fazendeiro Fazenda, a plantation, large farm, or ranch; a planter, owner of a fazenda, great landholder, or, until slavery's abolition in 1888, a slave owner. Fazendas were large rural properties with a house and outbuildings as well as land divided into agricultural production units that could include coffee, cattle, food crops, and occasionally sugarcane. On some fazendas there were processing units for coffee, sugar, and manioc in addition to grazing areas and forested reserves. Although resident free farmers were part of a fazenda's labor force, these establishments largely operated with slave labor, which was utilized in all aspects of domestic and field production and, where available, in processing units for coffee, sugar, manioc, corn, and beans.

See alsoHacienda; Plantations.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Stanley J. Stein, Vassouras, a Brazilian Coffee County, 1850–1900 (1970).

Robert G. Keith, ed., Haciendas and Plantations in Latin American History (1977).

Additional Bibliography

Araú jo, Tatiana Brito de. Os engenhos centrais e a produção açucareira no Recôncavo Baiano, 1875–1909. Salvador: FIEB, 2002.

Barickman, B. J. A Bahian Counterpoint: Sugar, Tobacco, Cassava, and Slavery in the Recôncavo, 1780–1860. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1998.

Geld, Ellen Bromfield. View from the Fazenda: A Tale of the Brazilian Heartlands. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2003.

                              Nancy Priscilla Smith Naro