Bratianu (brətĬä´nōō) or Bratiano (–nô), Romanian family. Ion Bratianu, 1821–91, was prominent in the Revolution of 1848 and helped to secure (1866) the election of Prince Carol of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (Carol I of Romania) to the throne. Bratianu headed (1876–88, except for Apr.–June, 1881) a ministry that declared (1878) the full independence of Romania from the Ottoman Empire, which was secured in the Treaty of San Stefano. His son, Ion Bratianu, 1864–1927, succeeded him as leader of the Liberals and was premier (1909–11, 1914–18). He resigned early in 1918 rather than accept the humiliating peace terms offered by the Central Powers but regained his position in Dec., 1918, and represented Romania at the Paris Peace Conference (1919). In 1920 he resigned in protest against the minority clauses of the Treaty of Trianon with Hungary and the division of the Banat with Yugoslavia. From 1922 until his death (except for an interlude in 1926–27) Bratianu was premier, ruling Romania as a virtual dictator; he prevented the accession of Carol II in 1927. He was succeeded briefly as premier by his brother, Vintila Bratianu. Constantin Bratianu, also called Dinu Bratianu, 1889–1950?, another member of the family, led the National Liberal party from 1934 and opposed both the dictatorship of Ion Antonescu and the Communist regime. He was reported to have died in prison.
"Bratianu." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 19, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bratianu
"Bratianu." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved February 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bratianu
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.