Alphonse Aulard (älfôNs´ ōlär´), 1849–1928, French historian. He was the first professional historian of the French Revolution, and he devoted his life to this study. A professor at the Univ. of Paris, he founded the Société de l'Histoire de la Révolution and the bimonthly review Révolution française. Aulard regarded the conservative interpretation of Taine as prejudiced; nevertheless, he himself clearly represented the republican, bourgeois, and anticlerical concept of the Revolution. He concentrated on political history. Some of his students, notably Albert Mathiez, broke with his emphasis and turned to social and economic issues. Aulard's works include several large collections of edited material, notably Recueil des actes des comité de salut public (16 vol., 1889–1904) and La Société des Jacobins (6 vol., 1889–97); his major studies are Études et leçons sur la Révolution française (9 vol., 1893–1924), Histoire politique de la Révolution française (1901; tr. The French Revolution: A Political History, 4 vol., 1910, repr. 1965), Les Grands Orateurs de la Révolution: Mirabeau, Vergniaud, Danton, Robespierre (1914), and La Révolution française et le régime féodal (1919).
"Aulard, Alphonse." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 11, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/aulard-alphonse
"Aulard, Alphonse." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved December 11, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/aulard-alphonse
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.