Neural Computation

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[Learning and memory emanate from the engagement of complex biochemical and molecular networks within neurons and complex interactions of neurons within neural networks. Neural computation seeks to understand the ways in which these various elements interact to process information and generate behavior in general; and, with respect to learning and memory, the ways in which these processes give rise to the encoding, storage, and retrieval of memories. Five entries on neural computation follow. The first, A pproaches toL earning, provides an overview of the field. This entry is followed by specific entries on the neural computations that occur in each of four selected brain regions that are involved in learning and memory:C erebellum, H ippocampus, N eocortex, andO lfactoryC rotex.]