Freund, Ernst (1864–1932)
FREUND, ERNST (1864–1932)
Ernst Freund, professor of law at the University of Chicago, is best remembered today for his huge and immensely influential Police Power: Public Policy and Constitutional Rights (1904), the first systematic exposition of its subject. police power, said Freund, was the "power of promoting the public welfare by restraining and regulating the use of liberty and property." Because Freund saw the power "not as a fixed quantity, but as the expression of social, economic, and political conditions," he praised that elasticity which helped adapt the law to changing circumstances. This endorsement, along with only minimal approval of laissez-faire doctrines such as freedom of contract, helped provide support for the Progressive movement. His views strongly contrasted with those of christopher tiedeman, a vigorous and authoritative exponent of laissez-faire who decried the use of the police power. In Standards of American Legislation (1917), Freund attempted to formulate positive principles to guide legislators and to give due process of law a more definite meaning.
"Freund, Ernst (1864–1932)." Encyclopedia of the American Constitution. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 18, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/freund-ernst-1864-1932
"Freund, Ernst (1864–1932)." Encyclopedia of the American Constitution. . Retrieved January 18, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/freund-ernst-1864-1932
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.