Skip to main content

Freudenthal, Jacob


FREUDENTHAL, JACOB (1839–1907), German philosopher. His scholarly investigations were in the areas of Greek and Judeo-Hellenistic philosophy and the philosophy of Spinoza. Freudenthal was born in Hanover. In 1863 he taught at the Samson School in Wolfenbuettel and from 1864 lectured on classical languages and the history of religious philosophy at the Jewish Theological Seminary in Breslau. From 1875 he also taught at the Breslau University. He married a daughter of Michael *Sachs, the famous Berlin preacher and scholar.

Freudenthal was a foremost authority on Aristotle and published a series of works on his philosophy. In his studies of Xenophanes Freudenthal opposed the then prevalent opinion that Xenophanes was a consistent monotheist. His writings include Hellenistische Studien (1875–79); Flavius Josephus beigelegte Schrift: Ueber die Herrschaft der Vernunft (1869); Zur Geschichte der Anschauungen ueber die juedisch-hellenistische Religionsphilosophie (1869); "Spinoza und die Scholastik," in: E. Zeller, Philosophische Aufsaetze (1887), 85–138; Die Lebensgeschichte Spinoza's in Quellenschriften… (1899); Spinoza, sein Leben und seine Lehre, vol. 1 (1904), vol. 2 (1927).


Baumgartner, in: Chronik der Universitaet Breslau, 22 (1907/8); Baumgartner and Wendland, in: Jahresbericht ueber die Fortschritte der klassischen Altertumswissenschaft; vol. 136, p. 152–63; M. Brann, Geschichte des Juedisch-theologischen Seminars in Breslau (1904), 129–30; B. Muenz, in: Ost und West, 7 (1907), 425–8; G. Kisch (ed.), Das Breslauer Seminar (1963), 322–3.

[Joseph Elijah Heller]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Freudenthal, Jacob." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 20 Feb. 2019 <>.

"Freudenthal, Jacob." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (February 20, 2019).

"Freudenthal, Jacob." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved February 20, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.