Skip to main content

MAPAM (Mifleget Po'alim Me'uhedet)

MAPAM (Mifleget Po'alim Me'uhedet)

Israeli radical socialist party, created in 1944 by dissident members of MAPAI. The ha-Shomer ha-Tzaʿir ("the Young Guard") later joined this new political party.

In January, 1949 MAPAM won 19 of the 120 seats in the first Knesset elections. This made it the second most important Israeli political party after MAPAI which won 46 seats. During this time, MAPAM, considered to be an extreme leftist group piloted by the ha-Shomer ha-Tza'ir, greatly influenced the Kibbutzim.

In 1954 there was a split in the party with former members of ha-Shomer ha-Tzaʿir remaining in MAPAM and former members of Ahdut ha-Avodah-Poʿalei-Tziyon forming Ahdut ha-Avodah. Other MAPAM members left to join MAPAI or the Communist Party, further weakening MAPAM, but after creating an alliance with the Labor Party (ILP) in October 1969, the unified parties won a total of 56 Knesset seats, leading to a government coalition. By June 1974 two MAPAM members, Messrs. Shemtov and Rosen, had joined the Rabin government as ministers of health and immigrant absorption. MAPAM continued to back the Labor Party until 1984 when the National Unity accord was signed by the ILP and Likud.

In November 1986 MAPAM leaders participated in an meeting in Romania that brought together Jewish and Arab intellectuals from Israel and Palestine who favored peace. This led to MAPAM basing its platform for the 1988 Knesset elections on the principle of "the territories in exchange for peace." In 1992 MAPAM leadership decided to ally with the Movement for Civil Rights and Peace (RATZ) and the Shinui Party to form the Meretz parliamentary bloc and Labor's primary partner in the government coalition. This left-wing coalition won 61 seats in the June 1992 Knesset elections, with Meretz winning 12 of those seats. Subsequently, four important Meretz figures joined the government of Yitzhak Rabin, one of these being MAPAM leader Yaïr Tsaban, who was appointed minister of immigration.

In October 1993 Hadash and the Progressive List for Peace made common cause with MAPAM during the municipal elections. In the Knesset elections of 1996, which saw the victory of Likud leader Benjamin Netanyahu, Meretz won nine seats, three of which went to MAPAM. Three years later when Ehud Barak, head of the Labor Party, won the elections, Meretz obtained ten seats, two of whom joined the new government as ministers of education and of commerce. This alliance was reversed on 21 June 2000 when Meretz decided to leave the cabinet of Ehud Barak because of concessions his administration had made to the ultra-Orthodox party SHAS. In the 2003 elections Meretz received 5.2 percent of the vote or six seats in the Knesset.

SEE ALSO Ha-Shomer ha-Tzaʿir; Likud; MAPAI; Meretz Party; Movement for Civil Rights and Peace; Progressive List for Peace; Rabin, Yitzhak; SHAS, Shinui Party.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"MAPAM (Mifleget Po'alim Me'uhedet)." Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. . 20 Apr. 2019 <>.

"MAPAM (Mifleget Po'alim Me'uhedet)." Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. . (April 20, 2019).

"MAPAM (Mifleget Po'alim Me'uhedet)." Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. . Retrieved April 20, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.