Named after the Saudi Crown Prince (since June 1982, King) Fahd ibn Abdelazziz, who
proposed a resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Presented to the Arab League on 7 August 1981, the Fahd Plan was based on the provisions of United Nations resolutions 242 and 338 and consisted of eight points: 1) Israeli retreat from the totality of the Arab territories occupied in 1967, including East Jerusalem; 2) dismantling of all Israeli settlements outside Israel's 1967 borders; 3) guarantee of religious freedom; 4) recognition of the right of return of the Palestinian people and to indemnity for any Palestinians not desiring to return to their country; 5) placing the West Bank and Gaza Strip under UN authority for a short transitional period; 6) creation of a Palestinian state, with East Jerusalem as its capital; 7) recognition of the right to live in peace for every state in the region (in other words, an implicit recognition of Israel by all Arab states); 8) a guarantee by the United Nations or several member states that these principles would be executed. The plan was met without enthusiasm by most Arab states but promoted by the pro-American King Hassan II of Morocco and by King Fahd, and it was formally adopted by the League of Arab States at its summit meeting in Fez, Morocco, in September 1982, where it became known as the Fez Initiative. It was rejected by Israel but remained the official position of the Arab League states until the Madrid Conference of 1991.