Vancouver Island Island off the Pacific coast of British Columbia, Canada. Captain Cook visited it in 1778, it became a British Crown Colony in 1849, and part of British Columbia in 1866. The largest island off the w coast of n America, the interior is rugged and forested. The main city, Victoria, is the province's capital. Industries: timber, fishing, copper, coal-mining, tourism. Area: 32,137sq km (12,408sq mi).
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