In 1946, Vandenberg became the assistant chief of staff, Intelligence, and then director, Central Intelligence Group, the Central Intelligence Agency's predecessor. He worked aggressively to improve intelligence collection and the CIA's status. In October 1947, during the Cold War, he became the first vice chief of staff, U.S. Air Force. After General Spaatz's brief tenure, Vandenberg was appointed USAF's second chief of staff in April 1948, a position he occupied until retirement, June 1953. He proved an able officer for the rapid expansion of the air force. His relationships with important army officers eased negotiations within the Joint Chiefs of Staff, while his knowledge of personnel enabled him to make key appointments, such as Curtis E. LeMay to the Strategic Air Command. Vandenberg maintained excellent relations with Congress in a time of first budget cuts and interservice squabbles and then military buildup. He also led the independent service through the Korean War. He died prematurely, of cancer, at age fifty‐five.
[See also Air Force, U.S.: Predecessors of, 1907–46; Air Force, U.S.: Since 1947; World War II, U.S. Air Operations in.]
Philip Meilinger , Hoyt S. Vandenberg: The Life of a General, 1989.
Richard G. Davis
"Vandenberg, Hoyt." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 20, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/vandenberg-hoyt
"Vandenberg, Hoyt." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved March 20, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/vandenberg-hoyt
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.