Skip to main content

Vandalia Colony

VANDALIA COLONY

VANDALIA COLONY was an aborted settlement on the Ohio River, sponsored in the early 1770s by the Grand Ohio Company, often referred to as the Walpole Company. Although the colony never materialized, the movement behind it was typical of the great land speculation schemes that were so numerous in England and America in the eighteenth century. This project counted among its backers many prominent persons—Benjamin Franklin, for example—on both sides of the Atlantic.

The plan originated in the Indiana land grant, offered by the Six Nations to a group of Pennsylvania traders in 1768 to reimburse them for losses sustained in Pontiac's War. Samuel Wharton and William Trent, agents of the Indiana Company, proceeded to England early in 1769 to seek royal confirmation of the grant. This group was reorganized on 27 December 1769 as the Grand Ohio Company. It then petitioned to purchase an additional tract of some 20 million acres south of the Ohio River.

The new colony, to be called Vandalia, would have a separate government of the royal type. Although many of the proprietors were Englishmen holding high official positions, the project encountered strong opposition from influential British quarters and from rival speculative interests in Virginia that claimed almost the same territory. In 1773 the grant appeared imminent, but the outbreak of hostilities in 1775 ended all hope of success. In 1781 Wharton and others tried to persuade Congress to recognize the abortive Vandalia grant, but strong opposition finally killed it.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

James, Alfred P. The Ohio Company: Its Inner History. Pittsburgh, Pa.: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1959.

Wayne E.Stevens/a. r.

See alsoBaynton, Wharton, and Morgan ; Land Companies ; Migrations, Internal ; Ohio ; Ohio Company of Virginia ; Westward Migration .

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Vandalia Colony." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Vandalia Colony." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 17, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/vandalia-colony

"Vandalia Colony." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved November 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/vandalia-colony

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.