Richard A. Smith
"Torres Vedras." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 17, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/torres-vedras
"Torres Vedras." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved October 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/torres-vedras
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Tôrres Vedras (tō´rəsh vā´drəsh), town (1991 pop. 13,300), Lisboa dist., W central Portugal, in Estremadura. Located in an agricultural center, it produces wine and minor manufactures. The town was captured from the Moors by Alfonso I soon after he took Lisbon (1147) but was reconquered by the Almohads briefly in 1189. Tôrres Vedras was an important fortress and royal residence throughout the Middle Ages and was an important strategic point in the Peninsular War (1810).
"Tôrres Vedras." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 17, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/torres-vedras
"Tôrres Vedras." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved October 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/torres-vedras